Prostatitis is a general term used to describe inflammation of the prostate gland including the area surrounding it. This a common condition in adult males causing many of them to experience severe pain. While some men experience severe pain other men will not have pain or any symptoms of prostatitis. Other men may experience symptoms which range between these two extremes. Prostatitis is often caused by an infection which could develop rapidly or at a very slow pace. Inflammation is usually caused by bacteria. However, it can also be caused by nonbacterial situations.
There are several types of prostatitis, each with a range of symptoms. Some men with the disease will experience severe pain and others will not be bothered; and the rest fall in between the two. However, the symptoms of the disease have a significant impact on a man’s quality of life regardless of the level of severity of the symptoms.Prostatitis is also a precursor to prostate cancer.
Currently, four types of prostatitis are recognized. The symptoms of each type have varying levels of severity which range from mild to severe. However, regardless of the level of prostatitis, the symptoms will have a definite impact on a man’s health and affect the quality of their lives. The four types of prostatitis are as follows:
1. Acute bacterial prostatitis
2. Chronic bacterial prostatitis
3. Chronic prostatitis without infection
4. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis
Acute bacterial prostatitis is very painful condition. It is a severe infection of the urinary tract often accompanied with chills and fevers. Although, acute bacterial prostatitis is the least common type of prostatitis, it is by far the most painful. Symptoms include chills, vomiting, inability to empty the bladder, frequency urination, painful urinating, pain in the lower back, pelvic area and abdomen. This is a condition which needs to be treated quickly to prevent severe complications. Consequently, men suffering with these symptoms should seek medical care. Medical care could prevent further complications which can include bladder infections, abscesses in the prostate gland or even the risk of low blood pressure and death.
Chronic Bacterial prostatitis has symptoms similar although less severe than acute bacterial prostatitis. Also, it does not produce a fever. Symptoms include pain or discomfort in the perineum, burning during urination, urinary frequency, testicular, low back pain, bladder pain and painful ejaculation. This is often a result of having frequently urinary tract infections. The condition can be episodic, with flare-ups and remissions followed by treatment and subsequent recurrence. Often a course of antibiotics is prescribed to be taken over a period of four to twelve weeks depending upon the recovery. A physician should make an evaluation to obtain a correct diagnosis. This is especially important because the symptoms of Chronic Bacterial prostatitis are similar to acute bacterial prostatitis and often indistinguishable.
Chronic prostatitis without infection, also known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome, is a condition where there is recurrent pelvic, testicle, or rectal pain without evidence of bladder infection. Chronic pelvic pain syndrome is the most common type of acute bacterial prostatitis and accounts for an estimated 90 percent of cases. Symptoms of this include having genital and urinary pain such as difficulties with painful urination. Symptoms can also include painful ejaculation and erectile dysfunction. The cause of chronic prostatitis without infection is not clearly understood. A physician will need to make a diagnosis.
Asymptomatic inflammation prostatitis is asymptomatic. This is a potentially dangerous condition simply because of the lack of symptoms. There is no pain or discomfort. This condition is often diagnosed during an examination such as test for elevated prostate –specific antigen (PSA) or checking for possibility of infertility. Patients with this condition usually don’t have any symptoms of prostatitis such as urination difficulties or lower back and pelvic pain. However, asymptomatic inflammation does indicate the presence of infection-fighting cells present in the prostate gland.
Treatments for prostatitis vary depending upon the underlying cause. Asymptomatic inflammation prostatitis may not require any treatment.Other treatments for prostatitis include:
Pain Relief Medications: These medications may be recommended by your physician to manage pain. These often include popular over the counter medications.
Antibiotics: These are the most commonly prescribed treatment for prostatitis caused by bacterial infection. The physician will prescribe medication for each patient based upon the type of bacteria responsible for causing the infection as well as the severity of the infection. Intravenous (IV) antibiotics may be prescribed for severe infections. Patients may need to take antibiotics for four to six weeks, although longer treatments may be required for chronic or recurring prostatitis.
Alpha blocker: These medications help to relax the prostate and the bladder neck as well as the muscle fibers where the prostate joints the bladder. This improves the ability of urine to flow out of the bladder easily.
Prostate massage therapy: This is a method whereby the physician will massage the prostate gland using a gloved finger. This procedure is similar to a digital rectal exam. Prostate massage therapy is a technique that has been used for centuries in some countries to heal both prostatitis (inflamed prostate) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).The reason for prostate massage therapy is to eliminate the stuck fluid from the prostate gland. Physicians frequently advise prostate sufferers to perform regular prostate massage on a regular basis. Furthermore, they often teach them how to perform this technique themselves. Prostate massage therapy is very beneficial in helping to keep the prostate gland healthy.